Web Application Security



Table of Contents


The Web Application security course will help participants understand major web application flaws and their exploitation, as well as learn a proven process for locating these flaws consistently.

This training program’s primary goal is to help security specialists understand web application risks in their organization and learn how to conduct web app security assessments, mitigate the vulnerabilities, and write technical reports.

How to make the most of this course?

In order to succeed in the course, the following requirements must be met:

  • Participation in all practical laboratories
  • Self-work at home between lessons
  • Repetition of materials, self-learning, performing tasks, etc…

In addition to regular classroom studies, the participant is required to practice at least 10 hours a week in order to gain practical experience in the field.
The participant will also need a good personal computer suitable for running virtual machines, with a broadband Internet connection.

Target audience

  • Security practitioners
  • Penetration testers
  • Ethical hackers
  • Web application developers


  • Discovering and mitigating website vulnerabilities
  • Using tools to automate your tasks
  • Securing web servers from attacks


  • Basic Web Development
  • Basic Cybersecurity knowledge



In this module, participants will learn the concepts of web application security, techniques, and methods used by web app developers.

Technical content

  • WebApp Basics
    o HTML
    ▪ Basic Tags
    ▪ Learning to Format
    o PHP
    ▪ Basic Syntax
    ▪ Defining Variables
    o Combining HTML and PHP
    o HTTP Response Codes
  • WebApp Concepts
    o Web Application Architecture
    ▪ Client, Server, and Database
    ▪ Fingerprinting Websites
    ▪ Robots.txt Structure
    ▪ Understanding Entry points
    o Authentication vulnerabilities
    ▪ Authentication vs. Authorization
    ▪ Role-Based Access Control
    ▪ Securing the Admin Interface
    ▪ Parameter Tampering
    ▪ SSL vs. TLS
    ▪ HTTPS Encryption
    o Session
    ▪ Management Techniques
    ▪ Cookies
    ▪ Long Session Timeout
    o File Handling
    ▪ Path Traversal
    ▪ Handling File Size and File Type
    ▪ Insecure File Extension Handling


In this module, participants will learn how to work with web app scanners and reconnaissance tools, review their reports, and understand the data they provide. Also, how to limit sensitive data from leaking.

Technical content

  • Scanning
    o Vulnerability Scanners
    ▪ Nikto
    ▪ Grabber
    ▪ Zed Attack Proxy
    ▪ SQLmap
    ▪ Wfuzz
    ▪ W3af
    ▪ Vega
    ▪ Wapiti
    ▪ Fierce
    o DNS data exfiltration
    ▪ DIG
    ▪ DNSRecon
    ▪ DNSEnum
    • Analyzing
    o Directory Discovery
    ▪ Dirbuster
    ▪ Dirb
    o Reconnaissance tools
    ▪ The Harvester
    ▪ Whois and Dimitry
    ▪ Maltego
    ▪ OSINT Framework


During this module, participants will learn about the most common vulnerabilities in web applications, how they can be exploited, and what impact they could have.

Technical content

  • Understanding Code injection
    o XML External Entities (XXE)
    o Cross-Site Scripting (XSS)
    o Finding Exposed Sensitive Data
  • Abusing Security Misconfiguration
    o Broken Authentication
    o Bypassing Broken Access Control
    o Insecure Deserialization
    o Finding Components with Known Vulnerabilities
    o Insufficient Logging and Monitoring


During this module, students will learn the basics of conducting tests on web applications to detect security holes either by brute-force or by exploiting a vulnerability.

Technical content

  • Attacking Basics
    o Burpsuite Fundamentals
    o Firewall Detection
    ▪ Wafw00f
    ▪ HTTP Headers
    o Brute-Forcing Login Pages
    ▪ Crafting Wordlists using Cupp and Crunch
    ▪ Using Burpsuite and Hydra
    o SQL-Database Attacks
    ▪ Union-Based
    ▪ Blind Injection
    ▪ Burpsuite Automated SQL Attacks


The following labs are part of the actual RT422 course:
  • Lab 1 HTML and PHP
  • Lab 2 Injecting Data
  • Lab 3 Using Scanners
  • Lab 4 SSL Vulnerabilites
  • Lab 5 Hijacking Sessions
  • Lab 6 File Handling
  • Lab 7 BurpSuit Advanced
  • Lab 8 SQL Injections

Real Cases Studies

Case Study #1 (WSA001)
A group of Iranian hackers hacked the US Government websites; this action was referenced to the death of Qassem Soleimani. As a preventive action, you have been assigned to initiate a full security assessment of the website to make sure it won’t happen again.
Case Study #2 (WSA002)
A significant security vulnerability was discovered in the popular social media app TikTok. An XSS vulnerability gives access to the attacker to manipulate with data. You have been recruited to end the content leak and protect the exposed sensitive data.

 Course type

This course is delivered in the following ways:

  • Virtual classroom with proctored labs and scenarios executed in our Cyberium Arena
  • In situe classroom with proctored labs and scenarios executed in our Cyberium Arena

All sessions are recorded and attendees can replay them  during 30 days. All course material is electronically made available to the participant.

 Course Group: FOUNDATION


 Hands-on / Theory MiX

The following course incorporates a high level of hands-on labs exercises, as well as real life case studies.

1 %
Real Case Studies


This course prepares the participant to the following certification:

  • OSWE (Offensive Security)

Required EqUIPMENT

Network connection

As this course extensively uses a cloud based Learning Management System, including a lab arena, attendees need a stable broadband connection to the Internet.

BYOD – Bring Your Own Device

As it is a very practical course, and in order for the participants to make the most of the course, they need a laptop with the following capabilities:

  • Audio and Video
  • 8 GB RAM
  • 200 GB Disk Space
  • Virtualization capabilities ( supporting latest version of Virtualbox or similar virtual machine application)

And also a Good Headset with Mic

More Details